McKIM, Charles Follen


McKIM, Charles Follen
(1847-1909)
   Charles McKim is one of the three architects of the famous firm McKim, Mead, and White, which did much to define monumental architecture at the turn of the century. Working mainly along the East Coast, the firm is credited with the construction of major government buildings, public libraries, and opulent homes in Providence and Newport, Rhode Island; Boston; and New York City. The firm was established by McKim in 1878 after he completed his studies at Harvard, at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and then an apprenticeship in the shop of Henry Hobson Richardson in New York City. McKim was known as the idealist of the group. William Rutherford Mead, the oldest member of the firm, was considered the most pragmatic of the group; he met McKim while they were studying in Florence. During his training, Stanford White, the youngest of the group, also traveled widely, mainly around Paris. A social playboy, White's fame endured after he was murdered by his mistress's husband.
   One of the first commissions completed by McKim, Mead, and White was the Boston Public Library, the first publicly supported municipal library in the country, built beginning in 1887. This white stone Renaissance Revival building dominates one entire side of Copley Square, right across from Trinity Church, which was erected in the 1870s by Henry Hobson Richardson. The Morgan Library, built in New York City in 1906 to house the collection of the wealthy industrialist J. P. Morgan, was also constructed in the Renaissance Revival style. The Rhode Island State Capitol, built in Providence from 1895 to 1903, is more overtly Neo-Classical, with its tall dome looming above the massive symmetrical building. Perhaps the most famous commission received by McKim, Mead, and White, however, was for Pennsylvania Station in New York City. Constructed in 1910, this massive building, truly a feat of engineering, was demolished in 1964. Built of steel vaults layered with stone columns and huge glass windows, this structure clearly demonstrated the ability of these architects to blend historicism with engineering to create an opulent American architectural style.
   See also BEAUX-ARTS ARCHITECTURE.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

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  • McKim,Charles Follen — Mc·Kim (mə kĭmʹ), Charles Follen. 1847 1909. American architect who was a leading proponent of the neoclassic revival. His designs include those of the Boston Public Library (1887) and the Rhode Island state capitol (1892). * * * …   Universalium

  • McKim, Charles Follen — born Aug. 24, 1847, Chester County, Pa., U.S. died Sept. 14, 1909, St. James, Long Island, N.Y. U.S. architect. He was educated at Harvard University and in Paris at the École des Beaux Arts. In 1879 he joined William Rutherford Mead and Stanford …   Universalium

  • McKim, Charles Follen — (24 ago. 1847, cond. de Chester, Pa., EE.UU.–14 sep. 1909, St. James, Long Island, N.Y.). Arquitecto estadounidense. Estudió en la Universidad de Harvard y en la École des Beaux Arts, en París. En 1879 se unió a William Rutherford Mead y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Follen McKim — Charles Follen McKim. Portrait von Frances Benjamin Johnston. Charles Follen McKim (* 24. August 1847 in Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA; † 14. September 1909) war einer der prominentesten US amerikanischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Follen McKim — Charles Follen McKim, en un retrato de Frances Benjamin Johnston. Charles Follen McKim (24 de agosto de 1847 14 de septiembre de 1909) fue uno de los más destacados arquitectos estadounidenses del Beaux Arts a finales del siglo XIX. Nació en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Follen McKim — Charles Follen McKim, portrait by Frances Benjamin Johnston. Charles Follen McKim FAIA (August 24, 1847 – September 14, 1909) was an American Beaux Arts architect of the late 19th century. Along with Stanford White, he provided the architectural… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Follen McKim — (né le 24 août 1847 en Pennsylvanie décédé le 14 septembre 1909 à New York) était un architecte américain qui a étudié à l école des beaux arts de Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Charles Follen McKim — noun United States neoclassical architect (1847 1909) • Syn: ↑McKim • Instance Hypernyms: ↑architect, ↑designer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium